Abstract :

In today's fast-paced culture, issues like the environment, ecology, and new regulations from the government are important worries. Researchers and scientists are therefore looking for renewable and biodegradable natural fiber reinforced composites. Natural fibers over synthetic fibers have clear advantages, such as low density, equivalent strength, non-toxicity, low cost, and minor waste disposal difficulties. Researchers have looked into the potential applications of natural fibers in great detail. Fibers including bhendi, abaca, coir, jute, bagasse, vetiver, banana, and sisal, however, have gained increased prominence in this decade. The bhendi bahmia (Abelmoschus esculentus) plant is one of the various sources of natural fibers. A substantial amount of bhendi plant stem is yearly left on the field after the veggies have been harvested without being appropriately used. However, the biomass from bhendi plants is a low-cost, renewable resource that may be exploited to produce bast fibers and other environmentally beneficial products that are valuable for industry. The bhendi tree, which is indigenous to tropical Asia, produces steam after harvesting its fruit, which is used to make bhendi fibers. When utilized as a reinforcing material, bhendi fibers have greatly improved the mechanical, chemical, and physical properties of polymer composites. The current paper offers a complete investigation of bhendi fiber reinforced composites and their potential applications. The performance of bhendi fiber reinforced polymer composites is affected by a number of variables, including fiber length, orientation, and configuration; moisture content; and surface treatments.